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Recipe 1.8 Creating a Heading with Stylized Text and Borders

 
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Recipe 1.8 Creating a Heading with Stylized Text and Borders

Problem

You want to stylize the borders on the top and bottom of a heading, as shown in Figure 1-16.

Figure 1-16. A heading stylized with borders
figs/csscb_0116.gif


Solution

Use the border-top and border-bottom properties when setting the style for the heading:

h2 {

 font: bold italic 2em Georgia, Times, "Times New Roman", serif;

 border-bottom: 2px dashed black;

 border-top: 10px solid black;

 margin: 0;

 padding: 0.5em 0 0.5em 0;

 font-size: 1em;

}

p {

 margin: 0;

 padding: 10px 0 0 0;

}

Discussion

In addition to top and bottom borders, a block-level element also can have a border on the left and right sides via the border-left and border-right properties, respectively. The border-top, border-bottom, border-left, and border-right properties are shorthand properties that enable developers to set the width, style, and color of each side of a border.

Without the two shorthand border declarations in the Solution, the CSS rule for the heading would be expanded by four extra declarations:

h2 {

 font: bold italic 2em Georgia, Times, "Times New Roman", serif;

 border-bottom-width: 2px ;

 border-bottom-style: dashed;

 border-bottom-color: black;

 border-top-width: 10px;

 border-top-style: solid;

 border-top-color: black;

 margin: 0;

 padding: 0.5em 0 0.5em 0;

 font-size: 1em;

}

Also available is a shorthand property for the top, bottom, left, and right shorthand properties: border. The border property sets the same style for the width, style, and color of the border on each side of an element:

h2 {

 border: 3px dotted #33333;

}

When setting the borders, make sure to adjust the padding to put enough whitespace between the borders and the text of the heading. This aids in readability. Without enough whitespace on a heading element, the text of the heading can appear cramped.

See Also

Recipe 2.8 for more information on styles of borders and the shorthand border property.

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